Diabetic Foot – care tips
Peripheral neuropathy is a complication of diabetes in which high concentrations of glucose over time damages the nerve cells, resulting in loss of sensation.
Typically, the legs are most affected by this condition, being prone to various injuries. Wounds that do not heal normally can get ulcers that can become infected and in severe cases may require amputation of the toe or even foot.
It is estimated that 6 of 1000 people with diabetes will have an amputee leg, but most of these amputations could be avoided. Here’s how:
- Contact a chiropodist. Once you have been diagnosed with diabetes, contact a specialized chiropodist in diabetic foot to be checked regularly. A chiropodist will determine whether or not you have neuropathy and will learn you to cherish feet. Cutting toenails and corns or treating a cutaneous horn can be dangerous for a person with neuropathy and should be done by a specialist in foot care.
- Wear socks permanent. The best socks are those made from a blend of cotton and synthetic material. In very cold days wear 2 pairs – One thinner directly to the skin, other above.
- Wear the right shoes. Feet measure should to be taken correct. The measurement must be done in the evening, when it is assumed that feet are swollen after the day effort.
- It is enough a pair of sports shoes of good quality. Search some sport shoes which leave some space, which have an insole that can be removed so you can use a heel cushions made by order. Also, shoes should have a thick padded tongue, cushioned heel and the front of the sole amortized.
- Your doctor may recommend wearing heel cushions, custom-made devices that are placed in shoes like insoles. Heel cushions click on certain areas of the foot and distribute pressing to the entire sole.
- Inspect your feet every day. Check for lumps or sores, using a mirror to look at your leg from every angle.
- Swimming. If you have neuropathy, exercise is even more important. Swimming is the sport most risk free, as it requires no pressure on the legs. After swimming, dry the feet and sprinkle them with talc to prevent infections with microscopic fungi.