Cystitis, Urinary tract infection – Treatment Methods
Sexual intercourse can push bacteria from outside the urethra towards urethra. At menopause, cystitis is more common because the mucosa of the vagina and urethra is drier and therefore more vulnerable to infection.
Pregnancy is a period of increased risk for cystitis. The uterus is enlarged, it can cause problems with urine elimination and hormones secreted during pregnancy relax smooth muscle of the urethra, so it is possible urine stagnation and urine leakage in reverse.
In the treatment of cystitis are recommended antibiotics, which have an effect in 24-48 hours. During this time you can do these things that will alleviate pain and prevent further infections:
- Drink plenty of water. If you drink plenty of water, you urinate a larger amount of urine so dangerous bacteria will be removed from the bladder. Water will help reduce discomfort, diluting concentrated salts from the urine. Drink 1.5 to 2 liters of water a day.
- Sodium bicarbonate can eliminate bacteria. If you have any signs of cystitis, dissolved a quarter of a teaspoon of bicarbonate in a cup of water and drink the solution. Sodium bicarbonate alkalies the urine and decreases the multiplication power of bacteria.
- Relax with a heating pad. To relieve cramps or painful pressure that sometimes accompanies urinary infections, a good suggestion is to apply heat to the abdomen. A heating pad, a hot water bottle or a hot compress have the same effect.
- Do not drink orange juice. Like strawberries, grep and pineapple, orange juice has a high level of acidity. When you suffer from cystitis, a glass of orange juice will intensify burning when urinating.
- Do not drink coffee and alcohol. Coffee and alcohol may increase the pain when urinating. In addition, caffeine and alcohol stimulates the muscle wall of the bladder, intensifying the sensation of bladder and causing additional pain.
- Cranberry juice. Cranberry juice prevents Escherichia Coli to remain on the wall of the urinary tract. If you make frequent urinary tract infections, daily drink a glass of cranberry juice for several months.
- Blackcurrant. Drink a cup of blackberries per day if you have cystitis, or if you want to prevent it.
- Take herbs that will boost your immune system such as Echinacea to increase resistance to infection. Take any of them at the first sign of cystitis.
- Wash before intercourse. Bacteria can be prevented from reaching the urinary tract if both partners wash their genitals before sex. Following this caution, the bacteria are no longer moved towards vagina and urethra.
- Urinate before and after intercourse. Urination at this times washes any bacteria that have entered into the urethra.
- Change your method of contraception. Studies have shown that women who do birth control with diaphragms and spermicide have a higher risk of contracting urinary infections, probably because their use can irritate the urethral mucosa. If you suffer frequent infections, our suggestion is to ask your physician about other forms of birth control.
- Use regular pads. Women do most infections during the menstrual cycle. This is due in part to moisture and heat blood which is an environment for bacteria development. Also, large format pads can obstruct the bladder and prevent complete emptying. When urine stays in the bladder longer, bacteria multiply more easily. Use external or internal pads of normal size and change them after every urination.