Deviated nasal septum – treatment
Nasal septum is a wall of bone and cartilage which separates the 2 nasal fosses. It thus plays a role in directing air entering the nasal cavity. In deviated nasal septum may occur breathing problems with varying degrees of nasal obstruction, snoring at night, nasal bleeding (epistaxis) infections of the sinuses (sinusitis acute or chronic sinusitis).
And of course to these is added the aesthetic deficit of the septum deviation that is annoying but is less important than the complications of nasal obstruction.
Deviated septum is so common that it is circulated that only 6-8% of the population does not have any deformity of the nasal septum.
Among the causes of deviated nasal septum are the nasal trauma that produce fractures or dislocations of the nose or septum development defect that occurs in childhood.
Deviated nasal septum has many forms: dislocations, deviations or thickening. In more severe forms of deviated nasal septum the following symptoms occur: periodic or permanent nasal obstruction, infections of the sinuses (air cavities located in the facial bone that communicates with nasal cavity through small holes (meatus), in the nasal obstruction the sinuses are not draining and infections occur).
Deviated nasal septum treatment, medication and surgery for a deviated septum:
As nasal decongestants are the recommended medication (nose drops) for nasal obstruction, used in acute forms but rather a period of time longer than 5 days. In case of rhinitis or sinusitis the ENT specialist will recommend you an antibiotic medication.
Deviated nasal septum surgery is the surgical method that removes aesthetic deficit and the cause of nasal obstruction.
What you should know about deviated septum surgery?
It is called septoplasty and is performed under general anesthesia (patient is asleep during intervention). The surgery for deviated nasal septum takes 60 minutes and consists of remodeling the septum in order to widen the airways and eliminate the causes of obstruction including the sinuses.
It is important to know that before the nasal septum surgery, a few hours, the patient is not allowed to consume food or beverages. As preoperative tests the patient will perform blood tests (blood count, blood coagulation tests), blood glucose, liver tests (transaminases), uric acid, ECG and pre-anesthesia examination.
After deviated nasal septum surgery the patient remains 24 hours under medical supervision. As postoperative recommendations is indicated to avoid exposure to allergens and pollutants, avoid strenuous exercise, extreme temperatures (including hot showers and baths).
Full cure after nasal septum surgery takes place roughly after two weeks.