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Salt diet for hypertension

Hypertension (high blood pressure) is often asymptomatic and is a frequently neglected disease by patients. Its  complications can be severe even fatal.

Treatment for high blood pressure consists primarily in diet with reduction of salt and fat , weight loss, smoking cessation. Drug treatment is recommended by your doctor, but a controlled sodium diet (reducing the amount of salt intake) is required to have an adequate response to treatment.

Be aware that when a doctor requires a controlled sodium diet, a diet without salt, it must be respected, otherwise can cause hypertensive crises.

A man is eating in a regular diet about 10 grams of salt per day. Recommendation in hypertension is consumption of about 4 grams of salt (between 2.5 g and 6 grams of salt). This salt diet can easily be held if:

  • Avoid eating: salt in foods, meat, sausage, cheese, pickles, sauerkraut juice, frozen products like fish fillet, vegetables with added salt , margarine or butter with salt, more than one serving per day of vegetables like cabbage, beets, carrots, dry cereal, bread (there is bread without salt), biscuits, no more than 2 cups of milk per day. Also in a controlled sodium diet avoid chips, instant products, olives, peanuts with salt, effervescent pills, carbonated water and juices and canned in general.
  • Beware of E chemicals. Many food additives even if no common chemical name of salt, contains sodium. Sodium from salt is the component that attracts water and increases blood volume, increasing tension, the kidneys activates a cascade of mediators that aggravate tension, and in tissues causes swelling due to water attraction.

So beware of foods whose labels found:

Phosphate disodium (cheese and cereals), monosodium glutamate (found in meat, pastries, pickles, soups), sodium sulfide (found in fruit juice), sodium hydroxide (found in canned peas), sodium bicarbonate (meets frequently in cakes, pies, dough, jam, liver pate), sodium pectin (sausage, jams and compotes), sodium caseinate (used in frozen products), sodium propionate (used in bread industry) .

How to cook without salt? You can successfully replace salt in a controlled sodium diet with lemon juice, spices like pepper, oregano, thyme, rosemary, basil, mint and foods such as leeks, onions, garlic (natural treatment for hypertension). There are also potassium salt (potassium chloride), which is a special salt, permitted and used in a dietary salt restriction recommended in hypertension.

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