Gonorrhea – transmission, symptoms, treatment
The gonorrhea is an infection produced by the bacteria called Neisseria Gonorrhea. Initially, the bacterium affects the man’s urethra and the women cervix. The good news is that it can be cured and prevented.
Gonorrhea symptoms: vary according to the infected genital region and sometimes the symptoms are nonexistent.
- The urethra infection (both at men and women). If the bacterium has infected the urethra, the men or the woman can have a burn sensation during urination. The burn can be moderate or extremely painful and is complicated by the fact that the person who has it feels the need to urinate very frequent. You can also notice a liquid loss at the level of the urethra. The secretion can be clear or similar to milk, and the color varies from white to yellow-green.
- The infection of the woman cervix. In most cases symptoms don’t appear, but a lot of women will do complications before being aware of the actual infection. The ones that present symptoms describe a high vaginal secretion and vulva irritation.
- The infection of the oral cavity and the anus (at women and men) doesn’t produce noticeable symptoms. In some of the presented cases, the person that is infected can have throat pains. Some anal infections can cause discomfort or itches such as pus or blood leak at the level of the anus.
Untreated gonorrhea at men can spread in the whole urethra. In this way, it will reach the prostate, the seminal vesicles, the Cowper glands and the epididium. These will form symptoms as the following: pain, fever, chills. These may drain and free the pus from the anus and urethra. If the epididium is affected by infection, men can suffer by infertility, eventually.
Untreated gonorrhea at women leads to the infection of the Barthalion glands. If the vaginal duct is blocked, the inferior part of the vulva will become red on the side that is infected. If this infection from the level of Barthalion glands is spread in the uterus it is very probable the apparition of the pelvis inflammation disease (PID).
The transmission. Gonorrhea can be easily contracted. Any form of sexual penetration (oral, anal, vaginal) can transmit gonorrhea. It can be transmitted through the clothes and towels. If a towel is used by a person who is infected and immediately after by another person, the infection will be transmitted.
The anal infection at women can appear not only in anal penetration, but also during the vaginal one. Sometimes, the infected secretions from the vagina reach the anus causing the infection. The use of latex condoms can help to prevent the transmission of the disease.
The treatment: the usual antibiotics have effect against the gonorrhea. The penicillin and tetracycline are the most used. Unfortunately, some bacteria develop a strong resistance to these medicines and you must use another type of antibiotics, such as: Cefixime and Ciprofloxacin. Consult the doctor in order to decide which can be the best treatment for you.