Early diagnosis of breast cancer
Early diagnosis of breast cancer can provide a lasting cure. Early diagnosis of this cancer is the discovery of the disease in the stage of a small tumor (up to 2 cm) with no palpable lymph nodes in the armpit on the same side with the tumor.
Women with breast cancer in an early stage may experience the following symptoms of breast cancer during onset: breast tumor (notified at self-examination), changes in the nipple (retraction or eczema) with nipple discharge. Breast pain is not a specific symptom in breast cancer, 50% of women between 25 and 50 may have breast pain for other reasons.
Tumor palpated in early diagnosis of breast cancer, it’s small size, single, firm, slightly mobile, irregular.
Any woman over 30-35 years must be self-examinated and present annually to a routine medical examination, especially women with risk factors:
- older than 40 years,
- breast cancer in the family (mother, sister, ants or cousins as well), plus it’s even more important if they had bilateral breast cancer before menopause. The risk increases between 3 and 9 times in these situations,
- If you have not had children, if you had children after 30 years, if you did not breastfeed, if you had aborted the first pregnancy,
- women with early menarche (under 12 years) and late menopause,
- smoking and alcohol consumption,
- obesity and fat diet,
Examination in breast cancer:
1. Monthly self-exam is recommended starting with the age of 20 years. Self-examination is done at 4-5 days after menstrual cycle, lying down, relaxed, or in the mirror with hand under her head high. It should be examined the symmetry of the breasts and palpation is done with the fingers by circular motion in all four quadrants of the breast, and then examines the nipple to discover a possible induration or nipple discharge.
2. Physician consultation to detect early breast cancer is 3 times per year between 20 and 40 years and then annually.
3. Mammography is performed once between 35 to 39, then every 1-2 years between 40-50 years and annually after age 50. Mammography can detect 85% of breast cancers, 45% of which are in early stages so that they are not palpable.
A detected tumor is not necessarily cancer, biopsy confirm or refute this diagnosis. The tumor can be benign.
Once detected, the breast cancer benefits from effective treatment with good response rate which consists of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.