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Effects of alcohol on the body

Acute intoxication with alcohol includes: light inebriation(excitation phase), inebriation (non-coordination phase) and coma.

The light inebriation corresponds to a certain amount of alcohol in the blood (blood alcohol concentration) below 1.5 g per thousand and it manifests trough a condition of mood, joy, bravery, accelerating the cardiac rhythm,a warm sensation. It also appears clumsiness in movements and an unsteady walking. Sometimes, the joyful condition disappears, and the person becomes quarreling and brutal.

The inebriation corresponds to a blood alcohol concentration of 2-3 g per thousand. It is manifested through unsteady walking with avoidance of the obstacles, losing control, gestures, shakiness may appear, you see double, the person is not conscientious of his/her condition, self-will disappears and he/she becomes sleepy.

The coma is the most serious phase and appears at a blood alcohol concentration of 3 to 6 g per thousand. The person profoundly sleeps, doesn’t reactionate to external stimulative, the muscles are relaxed, eliminates dejection and urine, noisily breaths, has a slow pulse and low temperature ( 27 degrees Celsius). If someone doesn’t intervene death can occur at a blood alcohol concentration of 5 or 6 per thousand.

The quantity of alcohol drunk that can produce death is of 6 to 8 g for a kilogram of body weight (at people who weight 70 kg 420 to 560 g alcohol, and the quantity that is found per liter in the alcohol drinking concentration of 50%).

Chronic intoxication appears at the ones that drink alcohol out of habit. After 5-15 years it is evidentiated through the following affections:

  • the digestive system: gastritis, hepatic cirrhosis, pancreatitis, cancer;
  • the nervous system: polyneuritis, optic neuritis, behavioral disorders, delirium tremens, encephalopathy;
  • the cardio-vascular system: dilated cardiomyopathy;
  • endocrine glands: testicles, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, pituitary;

The alcohol consume, the woman, the pregnancy and the little baby:

If the woman continues to drink during the pregnancy, the placenta will be permeable for alcohol, being able to pass to the embryo and produce disorders of the central nervous system, congenital malformations, growth disorders, weight under normal values when giving birth.

During nursing, the alcohol consume by the mother leads to the growth of the alcohol concentration in the milk, the same concentration as in the blood with the occurrence of alcohol intoxication symptoms at the nursing. These children will have both a physical and a physical delay, decreased resistance to different diseases, rickets, and epilepsy.

How much alcohol can be consumed without producing negative effects for the organism:

The healthiest and the surest principle is not drinking alcoholic drinks. If it starts with reduced quantities there is the risk of addiction, of alcohol dependence, with the imperious need to drink. In occasional situation you may drink such a quantity that the blood alcohol concentration doesn’t exceed 0.5 per thousand. In order to achieve this thing, he/she mustn’t drink alcohol more than half of the body weight. It is also recommended to drink after you eat, in small quantities that you repeat from time to time, for the liver to metabolize the alcohol.

In order to avoid cirrhosis and other affections or complications specific to chronic intoxication or for not to be above 20 g alcohol per day, you should drink as rarely as possible, not daily.

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