Cardiovascular risk factors in hypertension
2. Smoking increases cardiovascular risk in patients with hypertension.
3. Dyslipidemia – which translates as:
– Total cholesterol values greater than 190 mg/dl;
– The values of LDL-cholesterol (bad) over 115 mg/dl;
– The values of HDL-cholesterol (good) in men under 40 and women under 46 mg/dl;
– Triglycerides greater than 150 mg/dL.
4. Family history of premature cardiovascular disease in men under the age of 55 years and women under 65.
5. Abdominal obesity – waist circumference in men more than 102cm and in women over 88 cm;
6. Blood glucose before breakfast: 102-125mg/dl
7. Abnormal glucose tolerance test;
Risk factors such as smoking, elevated blood lipids, obesity, high blood sugar can be brought to normal values and the risk of cardio-vascular will decrease.