Allergic Conjunctivitis – Symptoms, Treatment
- Conjunctivitis of the hay fever. It is a seasonal conjunctivitis and is caused by the release of allergens in the air by plants. At the contact with allergens the organism through immunoglobulin E activates mast cells that release histamine. There occur symptoms such as: itching, redness, swelling.
- Spring conjunctivitis. Also appears related to seasons and occurs more strongly in the hottest months. It appears mostly in young and especially in males. There was not found an exact cause. Symptoms include: itching, epiphora, mucous secretions appearance, photophobia (low tolerance to light).
- The 3rd type is Atopic Conjunctivitis. This type of conjunctivitis occurs in those who suffer from atopic dermatitis or asthma.
How can you relieve the symptoms: use cold compresses, solutions with vasoconstrictor action, antihistamines and substances that prevent mast cells release (cromolyn disodium). Treatments with solutions based on corticosteroids are beneficial in case of immunologically mediated conjunctivitis, but can not be used for long periods because of their complications (glaucoma, cataracts, infections).
The alternative to glucocorticoids solutions are NSAIDs. Example : ibuprofen, aspirin, tromethamine.