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Spleen and its diseases – symptoms, treatment

The spleen is an organ more precious than normally thought. The spleen weighs 200 grams, is located in the left hypochondrium (subcostal), is usually impalpable and painless.

Spleen in the body has the following functions:

  • regulates blood flow in the abdomen, draining it into the portal vein;
  • is a reservoir of blood, the blood is mobilized in situations of increased needs;
  • in the womb spleen produces all the blood elements, in the late fetal period and after birth spleen produces only one type of white blood cells tah are essential in defending the body. Hence, the most important function of the spleen in infectious defenses of the body.
  • spleen is a cemetery of figurative elements of the blood, where they are destroyed at the end of their lives.

Diseases of the spleen and spleen symptoms (usually dominated by an enlarged spleen):

  1. Injury of the spleen – an organ being very brittle, it may be hurt after trauma. Pain of the the spleen may be with pain in left shoulder (radiation), and other symptoms such as dizziness or fainting. The cause of these symptoms can be a bleeding spleen (fast, or slow over several days) accompanied by increased heart rate (100 beats per minute) and low blood pressure.
  2. Portal hypertension – liver disease like advanced liver cirrhosis that lead to the obstruction of circulation on portal vein, is accompanied by a stagnation of the blood including in the splenic vein which drains in the same. Overloading blood cause an enlarged spleen (large spleen – splenomegaly) and pain. The spleen is large and treatment in this case is splenectomy – removal of the spleen.
  3. Splenic hydatid cyst – It can cause a large spleen volume by the appearance of splenic cysts with tapeworm parasite Echinococus which is taken from dog faeces and also in fur. The disease may evolve years or ten years, be serious and often treatment is to remove the spleen – splenectomy.

Diseases of the blood:

Hemolytic anemia – destruction function of the spleen may be autoimmune (won) or congenital (familial);

Leukemia is characterized by increased white blood cells from a total of 7-9 thousand to tens or hundreds of thousands, immature malignant white blood cells. In this case appears a big giant spleen, which can even reach a weight of pounds with big pain.

Lymphomas can occur in multiple parts of the bodies where are synthesized leukocytes. Hodgkin’s lymphoma is generally a splenic lymphoma that is accompanied by a large, swollen spleen.

Other symptoms in spleen diseases are caused thrombocytopenia. These can vary from bleeding gums, petechiae (bruises) that occur spontaneously and easily on the skin, prolonged menstrual periods and heavy on the female, to bleeding, even cerebral.



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