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Urinary Incontinence – Causes, Triggers and Tips

Urinary incontinence is more a symptom than a disease and consists of involuntary urine loss. It can be of two types: during exercise or stress – when it is caused by sneezing, screaming, coughing, laughing, or it can be an urgently incontinence – incontinence due to bladder contractile problems. Causes and risk factors for urinary […]


January 19, 2015, Kidney and bladder
Kidney stones – causes, medical treatment

Formation of urinary calculi is a complex process with multiple predisposing and protective factors, explained over time by multiple theories, more or less inclusive. In terms of biochemical, the urine is a complex solution, saturated with organic, inorganic and mixed salts. They are in a very unstable equilibrium dependent of general concentration, of each component […]


April 11, 2013, Kidney and bladder
Blood in urine – hematuria – causes

Hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. This can be microscopically, without urine discoloration (chemically and microscopically diagnosed – more than 5-6 red cells per field, more than 5,000 red blood cells per minute), or macroscopic with red-brown urine, cloudy or clots in urine. The origin of hematuria (blood in urine) can be […]


January 28, 2013, Kidney and bladder
Acute pyelonephritis – causes, symptoms, treatment

Acute pyelonephritis is an acute infection (recently acquired) of the kidney, called high urinary tract infection. 10-20% of women have in life at least once a UTI. Causes The kidneys become infected in 97% of cases with Escherichia coli. This bacterium normally is found in the digestive tract and is removed with faeces. Thanks to the particularly female genital […]


April 1, 2012, Kidney and bladder
Symptoms of kidney diseases

Kidney disease may give local symptoms (such as kidney pain appeared in the lower back given by distension of kidney capsule) or general symptoms due to renal functional collapse affecting other organs (eg. plasma unfiltering increases blood pressure in the vessels – the cause of renal hypertension). Among the more frequent symptoms of kidney disease […]


March 24, 2012, Kidney and bladder
Urinary changes in bladder and kidney diseases

In kidney disease specific changes occur during urination and modification of urine (quantitative and aspect-color). Possible disorders of micturition (urinary problems): Difficult urination (dysuria) appears in the initial phase of urination in prostatitis and prostatic adenoma, in terminal phase for cystitis and during whole urination in neurogenic bladder. Along with dysuria it can be met painful […]


March 23, 2012, Kidney and bladder
Urine analysis – values ​​and interpretation

These are normal laboratory data and interpretation, urine examination, urine summary: Density: 1015-1022. Urinary density depends on fluid intake and diuresis; Urinary pH: 5.7 to 7.4. At lower values ​pH ​is acidic and may occur in dietary meat, exercise, diabetes, TB, IRC when favors precipitation of urate crystals. At higher values pH is alkaline, appears in lacto-vegetarian diet, […]


March 12, 2012, Kidney and bladder
Chronic pyelonephritis – causes, symptoms, tests, complications

Chronic pyelonephritis is a chronic inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis. Inflammation usually develops over time and persist after an infection, or concurrent with it to the kidney. Causes In 60% of cases of chronic pyelonephritis, there is a history of acute inflammation (kidney infection – acute pyelonephritis), which often becomes chronic if treated […]


February 26, 2012, Kidney and bladder
Nephroblastoma – Wilms tumor

Wilms tumor, nephroblastoma is a malignant renal tumor of children, with a peak of morbidity at three years. It affects both sexes equally. It is usually unilateral, but in a minority of cases (5%) may be located bilateral (affecting both kidneys). It can be accompanied by a number of genito-urinary abnormalities such as cryptorchidism (malformation consisting of incomplete […]


November 26, 2011, Children Kidney and bladder
Acute urinary retention – causes, symptoms, treatment

Urinating is a spinal reflex act which is under cortical control. Acute urinary retention is a urological emergency. Is defined by the inability to eliminate, through the process of micturition (the act of urine), bladder content, that appears suddenly in a person who previously urinated normally. Is accompanied by bladder dilation. The etiology of this disease is […]


November 25, 2011, Kidney and bladder