Skin cancer has a much higher risk of developing for those who are exposed to excessive sunlight (sun lowers the skin immune system).
Ultraviolet radiation emitted by the sun are of two types: the type A and type B. The first affects the skin deeply, it ages faster. The type B acts superficial and stimulates the production of melanin (pigment).
Read the following lines to find out what you can do in case of sunburn
1. After the skin has suffered a burn, put compresses. The skin is inflamed and a soft compress would be beneficial. Put compress with:
- Tap water. Put compresses several times a day, 15 minutes each.
- Tincture of witch hazel. This tincture has anti-inflammatory effects.
2. If you do not put compresses, take a cold bath. Over cold water, add hot water until it reaches a pleasant temperature. When you dry your skin, do not rub but pat. In the bath water you can add (for pain relief):
- Sodium bicarbonate. This substance is non-toxic and you can leave it to get dry on the skin. It also relieves pain.
- Apple cider vinegar added to bath water (1 cup) will soothe the pain.
3. If you need to use soap, use baby soap that is neutral (normal soap dries and irritates the skin suffering from burning).
4. Compresses or bath? No matter, the next step is to dry the skin by dabbing and apply a moisturizing cream. The bath oil is useful. Before using the moisturizing product cool it.
5. Burnt skin can be relieved if you use a hydrocortisone cream.
6. Healing the wounds of the skin can be helped by aloe vera.
7. If the burn is small only use an ice pack and you will notice immediate calming effect.
8. Sunburn will dehydrate you. Therefore, the advice is to drink plenty of fluids. At least 2 liters per day.
9. Do not expose anymore to the sun. After the skin is peeled and falls, it appears a new skin which is more sensitive.
10. Pain, inflammation, swelling can be soothed by an anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen. Do not take more than 3 tablets a day and always eat before taking the drug.