Simple treatments for dry eyes. Dry eyes occur when they do not produce enough tears to keep them moist. Eye dryness is a common problem. Half of people over 40 years are dealing with dry eyes in one form or another, whether as an intermittent or persistent problem. Dry eye is a component of aging.
Blinking of eyes forms a triple film consisting of water, fat and mucus. Around age 40, the tear glands begin to idle, producing less soothing liquid to the eye. The problem is even more serious in postmenopausal women because of hormonal changes of the body which dry secretions, including tears.
The term “dry eye” is just a name for a complex and annoying condition characterized by redness, burning, itching, sensitivity to light and the desire to scratch your eyes.
Sun, wind, cold, central heating and air conditioning in homes and offices, a long time spent in front of the computer or TV and even high altitudes can cause later troubles if you have dry eyes.
A wide range of medications such as decongestants, antihistamines, diuretics, anesthetics, antidepressants, heart medications, remedies for ulcers, chemotherapy and drugs containing beta-blockers may reduce tear production and cause dry eyes.
What you can do for dry eyes
1. Apply a warm compress. If you occasionally feel dry eyes, put a warm compress on the eyelids for 5-10 minutes, 2 or 3 times a day. This stimulates the flow of tears.
2. Opt for an ointment. To combat dry eye cases where sleep is unbearable and for pain ease, when you go to bed, apply a mixture of eyewash (artificial tears) with ointment, which binds moisture in the tissues. These ointments sold over without prescription contain petrolatum and mineral oil and have the quality that adheres to tissue and do not leak. These ointments may blur your vision for a short time, so it’s best to apply them when you are in bed already.
3. Avoid contact lenses. If you feel your eyes dry and irritated, the last thing you need are contact lenses. In essence, contact lenses act like a sponge that absorb natural or artificial tears. When the eyes are already producing fewer tears, contact lenses can further dry eyes and irritate them, redden and make them sensitive to light.
4. Wear glasses with side protection. As the wind and sun can dry your eyes, wear sunglasses with extra protection.
5. A jet of heat or air conditioning may be just what the body needs to make more bearable traveling by car, but a direct and continuous flow of hot or cold air can irritate eyes.
6. Enjoy the fresh air. Open the window and let in fresh air. This way the air is moistened and can do much good for the eye.
7. Bring vegetation in the room. Buy an apartment plant or two and put them in the rooms where you spend the most time. They can grow room humidity.
8. Blink often. If occupational activity involves spending many hours at the computer, make occasional pauses to blink.