The appearance of brown spots on the skin is called melanosis and represents a hyperpigmentation due to hormones or hereditary. The appearance of these spots on the skin is favored by sunlight. Usually seen in people who are exposed to the sun more often, more frequently in people after 50 years.
The sun produces a physiological hyperpigmentation, emphasizes freckles and spots of old age.
The brown spots on the skin are usually irregularly shaped and appear symmetrically on the forehead, cheeks, shoulders and upper lip. Protected areas are the nose, eyelids and chin.
Brown spots may also appear on the face in pregnant women and is called hyperpigmentation of pregnancy. In this case, the spots cause is hormonal changes and is called melasma. Called pregnant mask, melasma occurs more frequently in women with darker skin. Spots lie on the forehead, cheeks, nose, chin and disappear after birth.
The occurrence of inflammation after trauma, chemical burns, skin diseases, psoriasis, eczema can accompany the brown spots. Pigmentation can also occur as side effects of various treatments with antibiotics, antimalarials, antiarrhythmics, hormonal therapy and / or pills.
Brown spots appeared on the skin can be a symptom of endocrine disease as Addison’s disease, autoimmune disease or intestinal polyps. The same pigment spots may suggest vitamin deficiencies or in some metabolic disorders. It is therefore advisable to consult a doctor to establishing an accurate cause for brown spots appeared on skin and / or mucous membranes.
As a treatment for hyperpigmentation spots there are whitening creams, steroid creams, chemical peels or laser hydroabrasive. Remember to stay away from the sun if you have such problems and use sunscreen creams to avoid worsening of spots appearance.