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Vomiting – causes and diseases according to vomiting character

Depending on the characteristics of vomiting, taste, smell, appearance and accompanying symptoms, we can guess the reasons that cause vomiting and so we can treat them. For example the phenomenon of diarrhea and vomiting occurs in infectious diarrhea or in poisoning (food poisoning, mushroom poisoning) and are accompanied by abdominal pain.

The most common symptoms accompanied by vomiting are hypotension, decreased pulse, pallor, sweating and even fainting caused by decreased blood flow to the brain. When vomiting is not preceded by nausea and occurs suddenly in jet the cause is intracranial hypertension (cerebral edema, hypertension crisis) or heatstroke. With cramps and stomach pain, vomiting may be due to intestinal parasitosis (abnormal stool) or vomiting which occurs after specific food (food intolerances).

Frequently, vomiting can be associated with pain. Depending on the relationship between them there are stomach and bile causes. Vomiting caused by stomach (gastritis, duodenal ulcer) occurs at maximum pain and relieves it. Vomiting caused by biliary disorders (gall stones with biliary colic or cholecystitis) is repetitive and don’t relieves the pain.

The same two causes of vomiting differ slightly depending on taste it leaves in your mouth: bitter vomiting is caused by gall bladder, sour and sour-smelling appears in vomiting with stomach contents.

In gastritis the vomiting is watery (clear vomiting) and appears even 5 to 20 per day. Equally common are those of poisoning or during pregnancy.

During pregnancy appears vomiting with mucosal aspect, usually in the morning. But, also, in the morning appears vomiting after alcohol consuming and is accompanied by a characteristic odor.

Another cause of vomiting is pyloric stenosis. This occurs after a healing duodenal ulcer, with narrowing of gastric evacuation. In this case the vomiting contains later ingested food, occurring after meals and has a large volume (500 ml). In acute forms of dyspepsia vomiting contains very recently ingested food.

Depending on the content of vomiting it can be distinguished: gastritis with watery content, vomiting during pregnancy contains mucous and vomiting caused by gall blader diseases has bilious content (green, bitter taste). Vomiting with food appears in dyspepsia or pyloric stenosis.

Vomiting appears as a symptom of intestinal obstruction. In this case vomiting has greenish-gray content at first, then with faeces smelling. Vomiting can occur with aromatic odor (green apple) in diabetic ketoacidosis or in stages of uremia with ammonia odor (in advanced forms of kidney disease).

It is important to know that vomiting with blood or coagulated blood looking like coffee occurs in esophageal bleeding (including Mallory-Weiss) or in gastric bleeding caused by ulcers. Vomiting with blood can be a serious emergency and is usually followed by emission of a black stool.

Among the most common complications of vomiting is dehydration which should be taken seriously in consideration especially when vomiting diarrhea phenomenon occurs. It is therefore recommended that you hydrate properly after vomiting.

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