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Echocardiography in hypertensive cardiomyopathy

Hypertensive cardiomyopathy defines all structural, morphological and functional cardiac effects caused by direct/indirect chronic high blood pressure. Are included: left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary artery disease, cardiac arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation, ventricular extrasystoles, ventricular tachycardia) and heart failure. Transthoracic echocardiography is a noninvasive method that can be performed with new portable systems at bedside and highlights different […]


July 2, 2014, Cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy – Interventional Treatment

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common familial autosomal dominant heart condition, with a heterogeneous phenotypic expression, characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy in the absence of associated conditions that could explain it (high blood pressure, aortic stenosis). Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is probably the most common genetically transmitted cardiovascular disease, with a prevalence in the general population of about 0.2%. […]


June 30, 2014, Cardiomyopathy
Ebstein’s Disease

Ebstein’s disease is an abnormality of the tricuspid valve in which the septal foil and the posterior foil are shifted to the right ventricular apex and the anterior foil is usually malformed, excessively big and abnormally attached to the right ventricular free wall. Thus, a portion of the right ventricular is “atrialization“ in the portion […]


May 27, 2014, Cardiomyopathy
Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is an cardiomyopathy with transmission of autosomal dominant type with incomplete penetrance and variable expression associated with malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death in young, apparently healthy people, characterized by structural and functional abnormalities of the right ventricular zone given by replacement of the myocardium with fatty and fibrous tissue. […]


May 22, 2014, Cardiomyopathy
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

Restrictive cardiomyopathy is a rare disease in which the heart muscle becomes stiff and cannot relax normally during activity, so the ventricles (lower chambers) do not receive enough blood that is then pumped to other organs. Because the ventricles cannot relax normally, the blood is sent back (upstream) in the bloodstream. Restrictive cardiomyopathy is rare […]


May 21, 2014, Cardiomyopathy
Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyopathy is a serious condition in which the heart muscle is weakened and no longer has the strength to pump blood throughout the body. Weakened heart cannot pump much blood, so that more blood remains at this level after each heartbeat. As the larger quantities of blood remains in the lower chambers of the […]


May 20, 2014, Cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic defect where the myocardium (heart muscle) thickens abnormally. Thickened myocardium can affect the heart’s electrical system, putting the patient’s life in danger through abnormal heart beats (arrhythmias) and rarely, sudden death. In some cases, enlarged heart muscles are not able to relax between the beats, as it normally does, and […]


May 18, 2014, Cardiomyopathy