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How Can Aortic Stenosis Affect My Daily Life?

Aortic stenosis represents the damage of the aortic valve due to the obstruction of blood flow from the left ventricle into the aorta.   This pathology is the most frequent type of obstruction and is also the most common, having the third place in the frequency of cardiovascular disease in Europe and North America.   […]


September 9, 2015, Aortic Stenosis Valvulopathy
Transesophageal Echocardiography

Echocardiography is a diagnostic technique that uses ultrasounds to visualize the structure and function of the heart and also, the great vessels emerging from the heart. During the procedure a transducer (like a small microphone) emits ultrasounds (with a very high frequency, so they can not be heard by the human ear) that penetrate the […]


February 22, 2015, Valvulopathy
Echocardiography in Valvular Emergencies

Echocardiography is the first investigation for suspicion of valvular disease; it brings important information both about the cause of valve dysfunction and about its severity. In emergency, cardiac ultrasound has many advantages: it can be performed at the bedside, being widely available, it can be performed standing (orthopnea), is non-invasive. Can be performed by anesthesiologists […]


July 7, 2014, Valvulopathy
Tricuspid Stenosis

Tricuspid stenosis is characterized by reduced tricuspid orifice, thereby creating a barrier to the passage of blood from the right atrium to the right ventricle during diastole. The frequency of tricuspid stenosis is perceived differently by different authors. Congenital tricuspid stenosis is rare. Through hemodynamic investigation, the characteristic signs of tricuspid stenosis are found in […]


Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency

The most common cause of tricuspid insufficiency is the right ventricle and the valvular ring dilation causing secondary regurgitation (functional). It can occur as a complication of right ventricular decompensation from any cause.¬†Secondary pulmonary hypertension can accompany any form of heart disease or lung, but most commonly in lesions of the mitral valve. In general, […]


Mitral Valve Prolapse

Mitral valve prolapse is characterized by the prolapse of one or both sides of the valve into the atrium (over 2 mm) during the meso-systole. In primary forms, most commonly in young women, there is a Myxomatous degeneration of the valve, the ring and chordae, which allows penetration of mitral valve in the left atrium […]


May 8, 2014, Mitral Insufficiency
Mitral insufficiency – Mitral regurgitation

Mitral insufficiency is a lack of hermetic closure of mitral valve during ventricular systole, allowing regurgitation of the blood from the left ventricle to the left atrium. This reflux of blood from the atrium to the left ventricle to the atrium during systole depends on the mitral orifice area that remains open because the gradient […]


Aortic Insufficiency

Aortic insufficiency is a valvulopathy characterized by sigmoid aortic valve injury from different causes, and the result is incomplete closure of these valves during ventricle diastole (relaxation). The direct consequence is the discharge into the left ventricle during diastole of a portion of the blood flow from the aorta. Among the most common causes of […]


Aortic Stenosis

Symptoms Investigations Treatment Indications for valve replacement Aortic stenosis represents a lesion that consists of narrowing the aortic orifice thus realizing an obstacle to emptying the left ventricle. The causes can be either congenital (lesion being present since birth) and acquired by calcification, sclerosis and interesting for Rheumatic valve. Causes The most common form of […]


April 12, 2014, Aortic Stenosis Valvulopathy
Mitral Stenosis

Mitral stenosis is a heart condition which consists of mitral valve thickening which¬†becomes rigid, it cannot be fully opened. Article Content Anatomy and physiology Causes Symptoms Risk Factors Investigations Treatment Evolution, Complications Patients Life This condition can cause various complications such as cardiac arrhythmias (abnormal electrical activity that are perceived by the patient as heart […]