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Mitral Valve Prolapse

Mitral valve prolapse is characterized by the prolapse of one or both sides of the valve into the atrium (over 2 mm) during the meso-systole. In primary forms, most commonly in young women, there is a Myxomatous degeneration of the valve, the ring and chordae, which allows penetration of mitral valve in the left atrium […]


May 8, 2014, Mitral Insufficiency
Mitral insufficiency – Mitral regurgitation

Mitral insufficiency is a lack of hermetic closure of mitral valve during ventricular systole, allowing regurgitation of the blood from the left ventricle to the left atrium. This reflux of blood from the atrium to the left ventricle to the atrium during systole depends on the mitral orifice area that remains open because the gradient […]