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Ebstein’s Disease

Ebstein’s disease is an abnormality of the tricuspid valve in which the septal foil and the posterior foil are shifted to the right ventricular apex and the anterior foil is usually malformed, excessively big and abnormally attached to the right ventricular free wall. Thus, a portion of the right ventricular is “atrialization“ in the portion […]


May 27, 2014, Cardiomyopathy
Ventricular Septal Defect

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is one of the most common congenital heart defects, also known as hole in the heart. Practically there is a hole in the wall that separates the two ventricles of the heart, allowing oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor blood to mix.   Before birth, the right and the left lower chambers of the […]


May 23, 2014, Congenital
Acute Limb Ischaemia

Acute limb ischaemia represents the sudden blockage of the arterial flow in the interested limb. It’s a critical situation which needs rapid intervention because it leads to extensive tissue necrosis in a short time spam. The effects of this sudden occlusion depends on the collateral blood flow available. Etiology of Acute limb ischaemia The most frequent causes […]


May 23, 2014, Vessels
Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is an cardiomyopathy with transmission of autosomal dominant type with incomplete penetrance and variable expression associated with malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death in young, apparently healthy people, characterized by structural and functional abnormalities of the right ventricular zone given by replacement of the myocardium with fatty and fibrous tissue. […]


May 22, 2014, Cardiomyopathy
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

Restrictive cardiomyopathy is a rare disease in which the heart muscle becomes stiff and cannot relax normally during activity, so the ventricles (lower chambers) do not receive enough blood that is then pumped to other organs. Because the ventricles cannot relax normally, the blood is sent back (upstream) in the bloodstream. Restrictive cardiomyopathy is rare […]


May 21, 2014, Cardiomyopathy
Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyopathy is a serious condition in which the heart muscle is weakened and no longer has the strength to pump blood throughout the body. Weakened heart cannot pump much blood, so that more blood remains at this level after each heartbeat. As the larger quantities of blood remains in the lower chambers of the […]


May 20, 2014, Cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic defect where the myocardium (heart muscle) thickens abnormally. Thickened myocardium can affect the heart’s electrical system, putting the patient’s life in danger through abnormal heart beats (arrhythmias) and rarely, sudden death. In some cases, enlarged heart muscles are not able to relax between the beats, as it normally does, and […]


May 18, 2014, Cardiomyopathy
Peripheral Artery Disease

Peripheral artery disease refers to any arterial lesion of degenerative or inflammatory origin which has as a result the thickening of the arterial walls, creating variable stenosis which can end with occlusion. Etiology of peripheral artery disease The most frequent  cause it’s atherosclerosis. Another causes can be inflammatory diseases ( Buerger disease, Takayasu disease ) or […]


May 17, 2014, Vessels
Heart Failure

Article Content Heart Failure Causes Symptoms Complications Investigations Treatment Prophylaxis Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle does not pump the amount of blood the body needs. Failure does not mean that the heart does not pump blood at all, but that it no longer works as it should. Because the heart cannot function in […]


May 17, 2014, Heart Failure
Cardiogenic Shock

Cardiogenic shock is a syndrome caused by a severe insufficiency of the heart pump manifested by the inability to provide the necessary oxygen and tissue nutrients and to remove metabolic activity product of metabolism. The main condition that leads to cardiogenic shock is the acute myocardial infarction in which necrosis is over 40% of the […]


May 14, 2014, Heart Failure