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Cardiovascular risk factors in hypertension

1. Age in men over 55 and women over 65. 2. Smoking increases cardiovascular risk in patients with hypertension. 3. Dyslipidemia – which translates as: – Total cholesterol values ​​greater than 190 mg/dl; – The values ​​of LDL-cholesterol (bad) over 115 mg/dl; – The values ​​of HDL-cholesterol (good) in men under 40 and women under […]


April 3, 2013, Heart
Enlarged liver – causes and liver diseases

The simple palpation or inspection may reveal an enlarged liver. An enlarged liver, usually occurs in a disease that overloads the liver which is the main body metaboliser. The liver increases by hyperfunction and storage of metabolites. Correct palpation of the liver is made by the practitioner, but an enlarged liver can be easily revealed […]


March 30, 2013, Liver
Trichinosis – Causes and Symptoms

Trichinosis is a disease caused by infection with the nematode parasite Trichinella spiralis. This parasite completes its life cycle in the same host. Trichinella lives in human small intestine and stores the larvae in the muscles. Man can contaminate with this parasite by eating the meat (especially pork), raw or inadequately cooked, or sausages which may […]


March 24, 2013, Digestive system
Trigeminal nerve neuralgia – diagnosis, treatment

Diagnostic criteria for trigeminal nerve neuralgia: 1. Paroxysmal attacks (sudden onset and end) of pain, lasting from fractions of a second to 2 minutes, affecting one or more branches of the trigeminal nerve. 2. The pain has at least one of the following characteristics: Intense, sharp, superficial or like a nudge; It is precipitated by […]


March 23, 2013, Diagnosis Treatments
Meniere’s Syndrome

Meniere’s disease is a disorder of the internal ear labyrinth, without an elucidated cause, which is characterized by the triad: dizziness (vertigo), hearing loss, tinnitus. Meniere’s syndrome often begins at night during sleep in persons aged 30 to 60 years. The most disturbing and important symptom is dizziness. The patient feels that everything spins around […]


March 19, 2013, Ear
Ultrasound in the first trimester of pregnancy

1. Normal ultrasound anatomy in the first trimester of pregnancy In the first trimester, the gestational sac size is determined by measuring the average diameter of the bag. This is equal with the sum of cranio-caudal size,  transverse dimension, anterior-posterior dimension, all divided by 3. With endovaginal transducer, the gestational sac can be detected from 2-3 mm (approximately […]


March 16, 2013, Pregnancy
Ultrasound examination in 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancy

In the second quarter of pregnancy the fetus is sufficiently developed to visualize anatomic structures and it can be detected the major fetal abnormalities. Basic structures to be identified and measured in the second and third quarter are: – biparietal diameter; – Head circumference; – Abdominal circumference; – Femur length. With these parameters we can […]


March 14, 2013, Pregnancy
Panax Ginseng – indications

Ginseng plant is a true ‘Panax’ (in Greek means a herb that heals all). There are known 3 types of ginseng: American, Siberian and Korean, but the last one is the most effective. The properties of this plant are due to components called ginsenosides with over 28 types. Ginseng effects on the body and diseases […]


March 13, 2013, Herbal Remedies
Analysis required during pregnancy – prenatal consultations

Required analysis performed at the first prenatal consultation for pregnant women are: 1. Hemoglobin and hematocrit; 2. Blood grouping and Rh (husband too, if it is possible incompatibilities); 3. Bordet-Wasserman reaction or other serological test for syphilis; 4. Examination of vaginal secretion; 5. Urine analysis; 6. Determination of glucose; 7. Serological tests for infectious diseases; […]


March 12, 2013, Pregnancy
Pregnant women with high obstetrical risk

Women with high obstetrical risk are grouped into 7 categories: I. Circumstances psycho-social: 1. Unwanted pregnancy; 2. Unfavorable emotional climate, dysfunctional families; 3. Women residing in inaccessible geographic areas, without possibility of emergency transport; 4. Failure of legislation for the protection of women at work; 5. Iatrogenic: omissions, errors of interpretation of subtle pathology. II. General […]


March 11, 2013, Pregnancy